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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

Investigating the Impact of Gender on Rank in Resume Search Engines

Investigating the Impact of Gender on Rank in Resume Search Engines. CHI ’18 Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Paper No. 651.
“In this work we investigate gender-based inequalities in the context of resume search engines, which are tools that allow recruiters to proactively search for candidates based on keywords and filters. If these ranking algorithms take demographic features into account (directly or indirectly), they may produce rankings that disadvantage some candidates. We collect search results from Indeed, Monster, and Career Builder based on 35job titles in 20 U. S. cities, resulting in data on 855K job candidates. Using statistical tests, we examine whether these search engines produce rankings that exhibit two types of indirect discrimination:individual and group unfairness. Furthermore, we use controlled experiments to show that these websites do not use inferred gender of candidates as explicit features in their ranking algorithms.”

ALA releases new Libraries’ Guide to the 2020 Census

“Today the American Library Association released the Libraries’ Guide to the 2020 Census, a new resource to prepare libraries for the decennial count of every person living in the United States. “Next year, when people begin to receive mail asking them to complete the census, we know that many of them will have questions about… Continue Reading

Online identification is getting more and more intrusive

The Economist [paywall] – Phones can now tell who is carrying them from their users’ gaits “…LexisNexis Risk Solutions, an American analytics firm, has catalogued more than 4 billion phones, tablets and other computers in this way for banks and other clients. Roughly 7% of them have been used for shenanigans of some sort. But… Continue Reading

Samsung deepfake AI could fabricate a video clip of you from a single photo

c/net: “Imagine someone creating a deepfake video of you simply by stealing your Facebook profile pic. Luckily, the bad guys don’t have their hands on that tech yet.  But Samsung has figured out how to make it happen.  Software for creating deepfakes — fabricated clips that make people appear to do or say things they never… Continue Reading

PLOS Journals Now OPEN for Published Peer Review

“Starting today, ALL PLOS journals will offer authors the option to publish their peer review history alongside their accepted manuscript! We’ve been excited to make this announcement, and make major strides towards a more open publication process, since last fall when we signed ASAPbio’s open letter committing to transparent peer review options. What will it… Continue Reading

Maple Leaves: Discovering Canada through the Published Record

Lavoie, Brian. 2019. Maple Leaves: Discovering Canada through the Published Record. Dublin, OH: OCLC Research. https://doi.org/10.25333/ek4v-ag09. “The Canadian contribution to literature, music, film, and other forms of creative expression is rich and deep. In this report, we explore the contours of this contribution, as it is manifested in the collections of libraries around the world. Using WorldCat,… Continue Reading

Motivated Secrecy: Politics, Relationships, and Regrets

Motivated Secrecy: Politics, Relationships, and Regrets. American Psychological Association 2019, Vol. 1, No. 999, 0002333-8113/19/  http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/mot0000139 “Recent work has explored the dynamics of secrecy and its outcomes, but has yet to examine the motivations people have for engaging in secrecy and how such motivations shape the experience of secrecy and its implications. We present a… Continue Reading

Where Democrats And Republicans Live In Your City

FiveThirtyEight – Republicans and Democrats tend not to live side-by-side, even when they live in the same city. “We’ve heard it over and over: Democratic candidates win cities. Researchers have tracked the way Democrats have dominated in cities since the ’90s. Politicians bring up America’s deep-blue cities constantly, including in stump speeches and in every… Continue Reading

Cross-Cultural Differences in Plagiarism: Fact or Fiction?

Simon, Diana, Cross-Cultural Differences in Plagiarism: Fact or Fiction? (April 24, 2019). Cross-Cultural Differences in Plagiarism: Fact or Fiction?, 57 Duquesne Law Review 73 (2019).; Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 19-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3377725 – “Are there cross-cultural differences in plagiarism? Is it helpful—let alone fair—to try to generalize attitudes toward plagiarism across cultures?… Continue Reading

Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress

“The Library of Congress’s mission is to engage, inspire, and inform the Congress and the American people with a universal and enduring source of knowledge and creativity. To accomplish that mission, the Library is adopting a digital-forward strategy that harnesses technology to bridge geographical divides, expand our reach, and enhance our services. This document describes… Continue Reading