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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

A note on the impossibility of “fairness”

A note on the impossibility of “fairness” – Thomas Miconi
“Various measures can be used to determine bias or unfairness in a predictor. Previous work has already established that some of these measures are incompatible with each other. Here we show that, when groups differ in prevalence of the predicted event, several intuitive measures of fairness (ratio of positive predictions to event occurrence, probability of positive prediction given actual occurrence or non-occurrence, and probability of occurrence given positive or negative prediction) are all mutually exclusive: if one of them is equal among groups, the other two must differ. The only exceptions are for perfect, or trivial (always-positive or always-negative) predictors. As a consequence, any non-perfect, non-trivial predictor can always be portrayed as biased or unfair under a certain perspective. The result applies to all predictors, algorithmic or human. We conclude with possible ways to handle this effect when assessing and designing prediction methods.”

Submitted 5 Jul 2017 to Applications [stat.AP]
Published 6 Jul 2017
Updated 1 Aug 2017

Subjects: stat.AP cs.AI stat.ML
http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.01195
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.01195.pdf

Report to Congress: DATA Act Pilot Program

Report to Congress: DATA Act Pilot Program, Office of Management and Budget, August 10, 2017. “In May 2017, the Administration enabled a new view of Federal spending that for the first time, linked Federal account information to awards. This represents the successful implementation of the centerpiece of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014… Continue Reading

Algorithmic Transparency for the Smart City

Brauneis, Robert and Goodman, Ellen P., Algorithmic Transparency for the Smart City (August 2, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3012499 “Emerging across many disciplines are questions about algorithmic ethics – about the values embedded in artificial intelligence and big data analytics that increasingly replace human decisionmaking. Many are concerned that an algorithmic society is too opaque… Continue Reading

Video – How to Watch the Solar Eclipse

via OutsideOnline an informative video to help you feel how vast our solar system is: “On August 21, a total solar eclipse will happen for the first time in North America since 1979. This film from Alex Gorosh and Wylie Overstreet, named Go See This Eclipse, explains the background behind how these astrological phenomena occur and… Continue Reading

Fortune’s 2017 40 Under 40

“Fortune’s 2017 40 Under 40, our annual ranking of the most influential young people in business. Read on to meet these disruptors, innovators, rebels and artists—and prepare to be inspired” Continue Reading

NYT – Alt-Right, Alt-Left, Antifa: A Glossary of Extremist Language

“We decode the symbols of hate that white supremacists, Nazis and alt-right groups display at their marches, including the violent gathering in Charlottesville, Va….a broad lexicon of far-right terminology…has become important to understanding American politics during the Trump administration. Many of these terms have their roots in movements that are racist, anti-Semitic and sexist. Here… Continue Reading

Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election

“The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University today released a comprehensive analysis of online media and social media coverage of the 2016 presidential campaign. The report, “Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election,” documents how highly partisan right-wing sources helped shape mainstream press coverage and seize… Continue Reading

Heritage Foundation reports plan replacement of fed experts with AI

Derek B. Johnson: “The Heritage Foundation, an influential conservative think tank, is calling for increased reliance on automation and the potential creation of a “contractor cloud” offering streamlined access to private sector labor as part of its broader strategy for reorganizing the federal government. Seeking to take advantage of a united Republican government and a… Continue Reading

US Institute of Peace – Negotiating Civil Resistance

Negotiating Civil Resistance July 19, 2017. By Anthony Wanis-St. John and Noah Rosen. United States Institute of Peace. “Reviewing the literature on negotiation and civil resistance, this report examines the current divide between the two and digs deeper to identify the fundamental convergences. It builds on these findings to illustrate why negotiations and negotiation concepts… Continue Reading

Gallup – 2 Reasons Why Employee Engagement Programs Fall Short

Larry Emond – Gallup: “…An employee engagement program needs to be a manager education and development initiative, not a measurement initiative — but many are really just the latter. An annual survey by itself does not help anyone. The survey should be just an audit of whether things are getting better. But the program should… Continue Reading

International Privacy Experts Adopt Statements on E-Learning, Intelligence Gathering

EPIC – “The International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications has adopted new recommendations to improve privacy and security standards for e-learning platforms and government intelligence gathering. The Berlin-based Working Group includes Data Protection Authorities and experts who work together to address emerging privacy challenges. The Working Paper on “E-Learning Platforms” highlights privacy risks… Continue Reading

Library Guides for Detecting Fake News – AALL Spectrum July 2017

Genevieve Zook [excerpted from her article] – JULY/AUGUST 2017 | AALL SPECTRUM 23 American Library Association bit.ly/JA17ALA Bowdoin College Library bit.ly/JA17Bowdoin Harvard Library bit.ly/JA17Harvard Hillsborough Community College Libraries bit.ly/JA17Hills Indiana University East bit.ly/JA17IU Pace University Library bit.ly/JA17Pace Penn State University Libraries bit.ly/JA17Pace http://bit.ly/JA17Pace The Public Library of Albuquerque and Bernalillo County bit.ly/JA17 Toronto Public Library… Continue Reading