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Category Archives: Economy

Policing and ‘Bluelining’

Gruber, Aya, Policing and ‘Bluelining’ (December 11, 2020). Houston Law Review, Vol. 58, No. 2, 2021, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-1, Available at SSRN:

“In this essay written for the Frankel Lecture symposium on police killings of Black Americans, I explore the increasingly popular claim that racialized brutality is not a malfunction of policing, but its function. Or, as Paul Butler counsels, “Don’t get it twisted—the criminal justice system ain’t broke. It’s working just the way it’s supposed to.” This claim contradicts the conventional narrative, which remains largely accepted, that the police exist to vindicate the community’s interest in solving, reducing, and preventing crime. A perusal of the history of organized policing in the United States, however, reveals that it was never mainly about interdicting crime. From its inception in the late 1800s, organized policing served the social, political, and economic priorities of empowered groups, from supporting Southern agrarian capitalist interests by imposing de facto slavery on emancipated Blacks to bolstering Northern industrialization by oppressing immigrant laborers. Thereafter, police forces grew in response, not to spikes in garden-variety crimes, but to political campaigns and cultural anxieties. And today, it remains contested whether current policing practices—especially street policing—function to alleviate, rather than exacerbate, crime problems. While policing’s crime-reduction success is questionable, one obvious tremendous success has been its control of race, space, and place. Police draw blue lines around Black neighborhoods—just as banks drew their red lines—designating them as high-risk, pathological spaces. Police use aggressive stop and frisks, intense surveillance, and military-style home raids to keep the people in their spatial and social place. Brutality is the business of policing, reinforced in recruitment, training, and practice. I conclude that because racialized brutality is integral to policing, reformers should not primarily focus on incarcerating specific bad cops who draw headlines. The “bad apple” narrative casts racist violence as individual and deviant rather than institutional and structural and undermines the current promising, if glacial, movement toward dismantling policing as we know it.”

Where Millennials Are Moving – 2021 Edition

Smart Asset: “Young professionals have long looked to New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and other bustling cities as places of opportunity. But in the last few years, migration patterns have shifted to show that a smaller share of Americans are moving to these cities. And after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, another study also… Continue Reading

Substack and Legal Publishing

Lexblog: “Can the new email newsletter publishing platform, Substack make inroads into the legal publishing arena? When the New York Time’s Ben Smith reports this morning that Danny Lavery, the publisher of a blog and newsletter, just signed a two year, $430,000 contract with Substack and that his wife, Grace Lavery, a professor at UC-Berkeley, who edits another… Continue Reading

How to keep your retirement investments gun-free

Mashable: “Despite a year-long pandemic in which Americans were asked to stay indoors, gun violence is on the rise in the United States. In 2020, almost 20,000 Americans died by gun violence, according to the nonprofit Gun Violence Archive (this number doesn’t include self-inflicted gun violence). The organization has already reported more than a hundred… Continue Reading

Online platforms: Economic and societal effects

European Parliamentary Research Service Report – Online platforms: Economic and societal effects: “Online platforms such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook play an increasingly central role in the economy and society. They operate as digital intermediaries across interconnected sectors and markets subject to network effects. These firms have grown to an unprecedented scale, propelled by data-driven… Continue Reading

Annual Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community

Office of the Director of National Intelligence: “This annual report, April 2021 of worldwide threats to the national security of the United States responds to Section 617 of the FY21 Intelligence Authorization Act (P.L. 116-260). This report reflects the collective insights of the Intelligence Community (IC), which is committed every day to providing the nuanced,… Continue Reading

100 Best Companies to Work For

Fortune – “Prolonged shutdowns. Workforces that felt isolated and overwhelmed. You name it, COVID brought it. Still, these companies managed not just to muddle through, but to become role models. The takeaway seems clear: Businesses that treat employees well during the toughest of times will attract talent, even when the war for talent heats up.… Continue Reading

2021: Office Re-Entry Index

“Throughout the extent of the Coronavirus pandemic, many companies across America halted in-office operations and transitioned workforces to operate remotely. As companies worked year-round to develop strategies for office re-entry, planning efforts continued to shift as new information was presented daily. One year later, now with vaccine in distribution and decreasing positivity rates, companies have… Continue Reading

A 20-year-forecast for the world: increasingly fragmented and turbulent

National Intelligence Council – Global Trends 2040 – A More Contested World – March 2021: “…Published every four years since 1997, Global Trends assesses the key trends and uncertainties that will shape the strategic environment for the United States during the next two decades. Global Trends is designed to provide an analytic f ramework for… Continue Reading

Expedia launches a new tool to check coronavirus travel restrictions

The Verge: “As more people get vaccinated against the coronavirus and spring weather coaxes people outside, we’re all thinking about those travel plans we shelved last summer. But with COVID-19 travel restrictions varying by country and by state in the US, it’s difficult to figure out what’s safe and what the latest rules are. Expedia… Continue Reading