Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: AI

Westlaw Must Face Antitrust Claims in a Case That Could Boost Competitive Compatibility

EFF: “Westlaw, the world’s largest legal research service, is very likely to face antitrust liability. A federal court has ruled that ROSS Intelligence, a tiny rival offering new research tools (which Westlaw forced out of business with a copyright infringement suit) could proceed with claims that Westlaw uses exclusionary and anticompetitive practices to maintain its monopoly over the legal research market.  The ruling is a significant step in an antitrust case about Westlaw’s conduct as an entrenched incumbent. The company controls 80 percent of the market for legal research tools and maintains a massive, impossible-to-duplicate database of public case law built over decades. It faces few major competitors. Westlaw doesn’t license access to its database, which means that it’s difficult for another company to offer new and innovative online tools for searching case law or other follow-on products and services.  The potential ramifications of this case are huge. The outcome could boost the case for competitive compatibility (comcom), the ability of challengers to build on the work of entrenched players like Westlaw to create innovative and useful new products. More prosaically, it could improve public access to court records. The U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware in April refused to dismiss an antitrust claim against Westlaw by the now-defunct legal research company ROSS Intelligence. ROSS developed a new online legal research tool using artificial intelligence (AI), contracting with an outside company for a database of legal cases sourced from Westlaw. Westlaw sued ROSS for copyright infringement, accusing it of using AI to mine the Westlaw database as source material for its new tool. Though the database is mainly composed of judicial opinions, which can’t be copyrighted, Westlaw long maintained that it holds copyrights to the page numbers and other organizational features. ROSS went out of business less than a year after Westlaw filed suit.  Despite going out of business, ROSS pressed ahead with a countersuit, claiming Westlaw and its parent company, Thomson Reuters Corporation, violate antitrust law by requiring customers to buy their online search tool to access its database of public domain case law, unlawfully tying the tool to the database to maintain dominance in the overall market for legal search platforms…”

The impact of technology on finance: A new eBook

VOXEU CEPR: “Recent cutting-edge technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence, as well as the expansion of FinTech and BigTech companies into finance, have accelerated the digitalisation of financial services. The fourth report [Download Technology and Finance, the 4th Future of Banking report, here. Darrell Duffie, Thierry Foucault, Laura Veldkamp, Xavier Vives 27 May… Continue Reading

The Digital Transformation of Law: Are We Prepared for Artificially Intelligent Legal Practice?

Bridgesmith, Larry and Elmessiry, Adel, The Digital Transformation of Law: Are We Prepared for Artificially Intelligent Legal Practice? (2021). Akron Law Review, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4113531 “We live in an instant access and on-demand world of information sharing. The global pandemic of 2020 accelerated the necessity of remote working and… Continue Reading

The Race to Hide Your Voice Voice recognition

Wired: “Your voice reveals more about you than you realize. To the human ear, your voice can instantly give away your mood, for example—it’s easy to tell if you’re excited or upset. But machines can learn a lot more: inferring your age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status, health conditions, and beyond. Researchers have even been able… Continue Reading

Legal Implications of a Ubiquitous Metaverse and a Web3 Future

Garon, Jon M., Legal Implications of a Ubiquitous Metaverse and a Web3 Future (January 3, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4002551 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4002551 “The metaverse is understood to be an immersive virtual world serving as the locus for all forms of work, education, and entertainment experiences. Depicted in books, movies, and games, the metaverse has the… Continue Reading

Using Artificial Intelligence in the Law Review Submissions Process

Simon, Brenda M., Using Artificial Intelligence in the Law Review Submissions Process (May 19, 2022). UC Davis Law Review, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4113550 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4113550 “The use of artificial intelligence to help editors examine law review submissions may provide a way to improve an overburdened system. This Article is the first to explore the… Continue Reading

Language matters when Googling controversial people

Via LLRX – Language matters when Googling controversial people – Ahmed Al-Rawi, Assistant Professor, News, Social Media, and Public Communication, Simon Fraser University – identifies and explains how features of search engine autocomplete functions enables users to find fast answers to their questions or queries. However, autocomplete search functions are based on ambiguous algorithms that… Continue Reading

How DHS Massive Biometrics Database Will Supercharge Surveillance and Threaten Rights

Immigration Defense Project – HART Attack: “The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is building a $6.158 billion-dollar, next-wave biometric database that will vastly expand its surveillance capabilities and supercharge the deportation system. The Homeland Advanced Recognition Technology System (HART) will collect, organize, and share invasive data on over 270 million people (including juveniles), with… Continue Reading

Human Rights, and Algorithmic Opacity

Lu, Sylvia Si-Wei, Data Privacy, Human Rights, and Algorithmic Opacity (May 6, 2022). California Law Review, Vol. 110, 2022 Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4004716 “Decades ago, it was difficult to imagine a reality in which artificial intelligence (AI) could penetrate every corner of our lives to monitor our innermost selves for commercial interests. Within a… Continue Reading

Robophobia

University of Colorado Law Review > Printed > Volume 93 > Issue 1 > Robophobia by Andrew Keane Woods “Robots—machines, algorithms, artificial intelligence—play an increasingly important role in society, often supplementing or even replacing human judgment. Scholars have rightly become concerned with the fairness, accuracy, and humanity of these systems. Indeed, anxiety about machine bias… Continue Reading

Feds Warn Employers Against Discriminatory Hiring Algorithms

Wired: “As companies increasingly involve AI in their hiring processes, advocates, lawyers, and researchers have continued to sound the alarm. Algorithms have been found to automatically assign job candidates different scores based on arbitrary criteria like whether they wear glasses or a headscarf or have a bookshelf in the background. Hiring algorithms can penalize applicants… Continue Reading