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Category Archives: AI

Glass Box Artificial Intelligence in Criminal Justice

Garrett, Brandon L. and Rudin, Cynthia and Rudin, Cynthia, Glass Box Artificial Intelligence in Criminal Justice (November 14, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4275661 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4275661 “As we embrace data-driven technologies across a wide range of human activities, policymakers and researchers increasingly sound alarms regarding the dangers posed by “black box” uses of artificial intelligence (AI) to society, democracy, and individual rights. Such models are either too complex for people to understand or they are designed so that their functioning is inaccessible. This lack of transparency can have harmful consequences for the people affected. One central area of concern has been the criminal justice system, in which life, liberty, and public safety can be at stake. Judges have struggled with government claims that AI, such as that used in DNA mixture interpretation, risk assessments, facial recognition, and predictive policing, should remain a black box that is not disclosed to the defense and in court. Both the champions and critics of AI have argued we face a central trade-off: black box AI sacrifices interpretability for predictive accuracy. We write to counter this black box myth. We describe a body of computer science research showing “glass box” AI that is interpretable can be more accurate. Indeed, criminal justice data is notoriously error prone, and unless AI is interpretable, those errors can have grave hidden consequences. Our intervention has implications for constitutional criminal procedure rights. Judges have been reluctant to impair perceived effectiveness of black box AI by insisting on the disclosures defendants should be constitutionally entitled to receive. Given the criminal procedure rights and public safety interests at stake, it is especially important that people can understand AI. More fundamentally, we argue that there is no necessary tradeoff between the benefits of AI and the vindication of constitutional rights. Indeed, glass box AI can better accomplish both fairness and public safety goals.”

Google has a secret new project that is teaching artificial intelligence to write and fix code

The Insider – “It could reduce the need for human engineers in the future. Google is working on a secretive project that uses machine learning to train code to write, fix, and update itself. This project is part of a broader push by Google into so-called generative artificial intelligence, which uses algorithms to create images,… Continue Reading

EFF’s Atlas of Surveillance Database Now Documents 10,000+ Police Tech Programs

EFF: “This week, EFF’s Atlas of Surveillance project hit a bittersweet milestone. With this project, we are creating a searchable and mappable repository of which law enforcement agencies in the U.S. use surveillance technologies such as body-worn cameras, drones, automated license plate readers, and face recognition. It’s one of the most ambitious projects we’ve ever… Continue Reading

Intel unveils real-time deepfake detector, claims 96% accuracy rate

VentureBeat: “On Monday, Intel introduced FakeCatcher, which it says is the first real-time detector of deepfakes — that is, synthetic media in which a person in an existing image or video is replaced with someone else’s likeness. Intel claims the product has a 96% accuracy rate and works by analyzing the subtle “blood flow” in… Continue Reading

Study assesses quality of AI literary translations by comparing them with human translations

TechXplore: “Recent advancements in the field of machine learning (ML) have greatly improved the quality of automatic translation tools. At present, these tools are primarily used to translate basic sentences, as well as short texts or unofficial documents. Literary texts, such as novels or short stories, are still fully translated by expert human translators, who… Continue Reading

Facebook’s Going Back to Only Using Algorithms to Curate News

Gizmodo: “If at first the algorithms don’t succeed at stopping disinformation, just simply add humans. But if the algorithms grow too burdensome, then simply go back to the algorithm. So round and round the social media carousel we go. Meta, which owns Facebook, confirmed that the human-curated “Top Stories” section in the news tab will… Continue Reading

Algorithms Quietly Run the City of DC and Maybe Your Hometown

EPIC: “The D.C. government outsources critical governmental decisions to automated decision-making systems in areas such as public benefits, healthcare, policing, and housing. As a result, District residents are surveilled, screened, and scored every day. But because of weak government transparency laws, opaque procurement processes, the power and influence of tech vendors, and the decline in… Continue Reading

What stories can you tell using AI and satellite imagery? Here are some ideas

Online Journalism Blog: “In the second of two guest posts for OJB, first published on the ML Satellites blog, MA Data Journalism student Federico Acosta Rainis uses the 8 angles used by data journalists framework to explore satellite image-driven journalism.  Satellite-driven stories don’t have to use using artificial intelligence (AI) — many can be told… Continue Reading

Business Name Generator

Business Name Generator – “generate a short, brandable business name using artificial intelligence. For new businesses, naming options can seem quite limited. Short domains are very expensive, yet longer multi-word names don’t inspire confidence. In 2022 many startups are choosing a short, branded name – a name that’s unique, memorable and affordable…” Continue Reading

INTERPOL has launched its own metaverse space

“The International Criminal Police Organization, better known as INTERPOL, has unveiled a metaverse space designed specifically for police officers around the world. Immersive training courses in forensic investigation and other policing skills will be on offer in the INTERPOL Metaverse. Registered users will also be able to take a tour of a virtual version the… Continue Reading

Building An Open-Source Intelligence Buyer’s Club

War on the Rocks: “The Ukraine conflict has blown open the door on how open-source information — broadly defined as publicly and commercially available data — can be a game-changer in war and peace. The broad array of unclassified tools now allows anyone to pore over satellite imagery, monitor tank convoys, listen to troops chatting… Continue Reading

Rent Going Up? One Company’s Algorithm Could Be Why

Pro Publica: “Texas-based RealPage’s YieldStar software helps landlords set prices for apartments across the U.S. With rents soaring, critics are concerned that the company’s proprietary algorithm is hurting competition…For years, RealPage has sold software that uses data analytics to suggest daily prices for open units. Property managers across the United States have gushed about how… Continue Reading