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Category Archives: AI

Algorithmic Impact Assessments: A Practical Framework for Public Agency Accountability

GCNAlgorithmic Impact Assessments: A Practical Framework for Public Agency Accountability, a report by the AI Now Institute, a partnership between New York University, the American Civil Liberties Union and the Partnership on AI. [h/t Pete Weiss]

Why: As public agencies increasingly turn to automated processes and algorithms to make decisions, they need frameworks for accountability that can address inevitable questions – from software bias to the system’s impact on the community. The AI Now Institute’s Algorithmic Impact Assessment gives public agencies a practical way to assess automated decision systems and to ensure public accountability.

Proposal: Just as an environmental impact statement can increase agencies’ sensitivity to environmental values and effectively inform the public of coming changes, an AIA aims to do the same for algorithms before governments put them to use.  The process starts with a pre-acquisition review in which an agency, other public officials and the public at large are given a chance to review the proposed technology before the agency enters into any formal agreements. Part of this process would include defining what the agency considers an “automated decision system,” disclosing details about the technology and its use, evaluating the potential for bias and inaccuracy as well as planning for third-party researchers to study the system after it becomes operational…”

The premise that AI will save Facebook is – false

Quartz: “…Facebook’s challenge is finding all these permutations of hate speech, bullying, threats, and terrorism, in order to train its AI to look out for similar examples. The problem gets messier because not everyone can agree what makes a post harmful or abusive. Facebook faced this problem in 2016 when the social media platform was… Continue Reading

Keyword searchable transcript of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg Hearing on Data Privacy and Protection

C-SPAN video and keyword searchable text – Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg Hearing on Data Privacy and Protection. Mark Zuckerberg, the CEO of Facebook, testified before a joint hearing by the Senate Judiciary & Commerce Committees on access to user’s data, April 12,10, 2018. See also – Transcript via Bloomberg Government available on the Wasington Post… Continue Reading

Stanford researchers use machine-learning algorithm to measure changes in gender, ethnic bias in U.S.

Stanford News: New Stanford research shows that, over the past century, linguistic changes in gender and ethnic stereotypes correlated with major social movements and demographic changes in the U.S. Census data. “Artificial intelligence systems and machine-learning algorithms have come under fire recently because they can pick up and reinforce existing biases in our society, depending… Continue Reading

Hand-crafted fact-checking matters in an algorithmic world

Inside Higher Education: “It’s International Fact-Checking Day, a project of the Poynter Institute. What a quaint concept! It’s intrinsic to good journalism, but it can’t be done by algorithm or en masse – it’s lovingly hand-crafted work in pursuit of nailing down something that’s often ambiguous and needs to be considered in context and without… Continue Reading

An AI just beat top lawyers at their own game

Mashable: “The nation’s top lawyers recently battled artificial intelligence in a competition to interpret contracts — and they lost.  A new study, conducted by legal AI platform LawGeex in consultation with law professors from Stanford University, Duke University School of Law, and University of Southern California, pitted twenty experienced lawyers against an AI trained to… Continue Reading

Bias already exists in search engine results, and it’s only going to get worse

MIT Technology Review: Bias already exists in search engine results, and it’s only going to get worse: “[In] her latest book, Algorithms of Oppression, [Safiya Umoja Noble] details research she started after that fateful Google search, and it explores the hidden structures that shape how we get information through the internet. The book, out this… Continue Reading

NYT – The Sublime and Scary Future of Cameras With A.I. Brains

The New York Times: “There’s a new generation of cameras that understand what they see. They’re eyes connected to brains, machines that no longer just see what you put in front of them, but can act on it — creating intriguing and sometimes eerie possibilities. At first, these cameras will promise to let us take… Continue Reading

Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation

“This report surveys the landscape of potential security threats from malicious uses of AI, and proposes ways to better forecast, prevent, and mitigate these threats. After analyzing the ways in which AI may influence the threat landscape in the digital, physical, and political domains, we make four high-level recommendations for AI researchers and other stakeholders.… Continue Reading

New on LLRX – From Judging Lawyers to Predicting Outcomes

Via LLRX – From Judging Lawyers to Predicting Outcomes – Itai Gurari discusses Judicata’s latest technology solution – Clerk – that evaluates briefs filed in court, grading them on three dimensions: Arguments, Drafting, and Context. The grading reflects factors like how strong the brief’s arguments are, how persuasive the relied upon cases are, and the… Continue Reading

New Website Draws on International Perspectives to Highlight Issues related to Inclusion and Artificial Intelligence

New suite of resources aims to establish key themes, questions, and opportunities for ensuring that voices and perspectives from diverse populations help shape the future of AI. “The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is pleased to share a newly-published interactive webpage, www.aiandinclusion.org, which highlights salient topics and offers a broad range of resources… Continue Reading

Internet Archive Posts Military Industrial Powerpoint Complex

Military Industrial Powerpoint Complex – United States Military: “This collection was a special project originally done as part of the Internet Archive’s 20th Anniversary celebration on October 26, 2016 highlighting IA’s web archive. The collection consists of all the Powerpoint files (57,489) from the .mil web domain.” Motherboard: The Pentagon Has the Worst PowerPoint Slides… Continue Reading