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Category Archives: Internet

BBC – The (almost) complete history of ‘fake news’

BBC Trending: “…Misinformation, spin, lies and deceit have of course been around forever. But what Buzzfeed’s media editor, Craig] Silverman and others uncovered was a unique marriage between social media algorithms, advertising systems, people prepared to make stuff up to earn some easy cash and an election that gripped a nation and much of the world…The phrase now evokes much more than those get-rich-quick Macedonian teenagers. President Trump even gave out “Fake News Awards” to reporters who had made errors or poor predictions – with a special nod to all reporting on the ongoing and very real investigations into collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia. But to say that President Trump was the first politician to deploy the term would itself be, well, “fake news”…”

How Microsoft Academic uses knowledge to address the problem of conflation/disambiguation

Microsoft Academic post: “Entity linking is a cognitive capability essential to human communication. It contains two challenging components: first, entity conflation, where we recognize that even though an entity is referred to by different names, it is still one item; and second, entity disambiguation, where we differentiate between entities with the same name and distinguish… Continue Reading

Facebook – Hard Questions: Social Media and Democracy

Facebook Blog Series: “For the next topic of our Hard Questions series, we decided to confront an issue that has been top of mind for many of us here, including myself: What effect does social media have on democracy? As someone who has worked for over 14 years in digital civic engagement — the last… Continue Reading

EFF and Lookout Uncover New Malware Espionage Campaign Infecting Thousands Around the World

“The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and mobile security company Lookout have uncovered a new malware espionage campaign infecting thousands of people in more than 20 countries. Hundreds of gigabytes of data has been stolen, primarily through mobile devices compromised by fake secure messaging clients. The trojanized apps, including Signal and WhatsApp, function like the legitimate… Continue Reading

Revealing True Emotions Through Micro-Expressions: A Machine Learning Approach

Facial recognition applications and data mining are now moving deeper into the realm of tiny expressions we make without perhaps being aware, but nevertheless can be identified, tracked and exploited through a “Micro-Expression Recognition System” “Micro-expressions–involuntary, fleeting facial movements that reveal true emotions–hold valuable information for scenarios ranging from security interviews and interrogations to media… Continue Reading

EU – Experts appointed to the High-Level Group on Fake News and online disinformation

European Commission: “Following an open selection process, the Commission has appointed 39 experts to a new High Level Group (HLEG) on fake news and online disinformation. It comprises representatives of the civil society, social media platforms, news media organisations, journalists and academia. Professor dr. Madeleine de Cock Buning is nominated to chair the Group. The… Continue Reading

Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing

“The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) are scholarly organisations that have seen an increase in the number, and broad range in the quality, of membership applications. Our organisations have collaborated to identify principles… Continue Reading

Publics Globally Want Unbiased News Coverage, but Are Divided on Whether Their News Media Deliver

Deep political divides in many nations on satisfaction with news media – “Publics around the world overwhelmingly agree that the news media should be unbiased in their coverage of political issues, according to a new Pew Research Center survey of 38 countries. Yet, when asked how their news media are doing on reporting different political… Continue Reading

Coalition of 22 State AGs File Suit To Stop Illegal Rollback Of Net Neutrality

“Today, New York Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman led a coalition of 22 Attorneys General in filing a multistate lawsuit to block the Federal Communications Commission’s illegal rollback of net neutrality. The coalition filed a petition for review in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, formally commencing the lawsuit against the FCC… Continue Reading

8 challenges for open government posed by emerging technology

Sunlight Foundation: 8 challenges for open government posed by emerging technology – “As 2018 begins, the big tent of open government holds both promise and peril, as nationalism, populism, low trust in institutions, and voter anger and apathy put years of gains at risk. We continue to see meaningful ways for better laws and policies to enable… Continue Reading

Wired – The Golden Age of Free Speech?

It’s the [Democracy-Poisoning] Golden Age of Free Speech: “..In today’s networked environment, when anyone can broadcast live or post their thoughts to a social network, it would seem that censorship ought to be impossible. This should be the golden age of free speech. And sure, it is a golden age of free speech—if you can… Continue Reading

Americans See More News Bias; Most Can’t Name Neutral Source

Gallup News: “Americans’ perceptions of news media bias have increased significantly over the past generation. Thirty-two percent believe the news media are careful to separate fact from opinion, well below the 58% who held this view in 1984. Meanwhile, 66% currently agree that most news media do not do a good job of letting people… Continue Reading