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Category Archives: Legal Research

A note on the impossibility of “fairness”

A note on the impossibility of “fairness” – Thomas Miconi
“Various measures can be used to determine bias or unfairness in a predictor. Previous work has already established that some of these measures are incompatible with each other. Here we show that, when groups differ in prevalence of the predicted event, several intuitive measures of fairness (ratio of positive predictions to event occurrence, probability of positive prediction given actual occurrence or non-occurrence, and probability of occurrence given positive or negative prediction) are all mutually exclusive: if one of them is equal among groups, the other two must differ. The only exceptions are for perfect, or trivial (always-positive or always-negative) predictors. As a consequence, any non-perfect, non-trivial predictor can always be portrayed as biased or unfair under a certain perspective. The result applies to all predictors, algorithmic or human. We conclude with possible ways to handle this effect when assessing and designing prediction methods.”

Submitted 5 Jul 2017 to Applications [stat.AP]
Published 6 Jul 2017
Updated 1 Aug 2017

Subjects: stat.AP cs.AI stat.ML
http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.01195
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.01195.pdf

Report to Congress: DATA Act Pilot Program

Report to Congress: DATA Act Pilot Program, Office of Management and Budget, August 10, 2017. “In May 2017, the Administration enabled a new view of Federal spending that for the first time, linked Federal account information to awards. This represents the successful implementation of the centerpiece of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014… Continue Reading

Algorithmic Transparency for the Smart City

Brauneis, Robert and Goodman, Ellen P., Algorithmic Transparency for the Smart City (August 2, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3012499 “Emerging across many disciplines are questions about algorithmic ethics – about the values embedded in artificial intelligence and big data analytics that increasingly replace human decisionmaking. Many are concerned that an algorithmic society is too opaque… Continue Reading

OpenCorporates posts French company registration database

opencorporates blog: “It is thanks to the persistence, effort, and hard-work from open data advocates both inside and outside government that French companies are now available as open data. Since January, France’s Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE) has published the official “SIRENE” company registration database as open data, and after extensive… Continue Reading

Privacy and Court Records: Online Access and the Loss of Practical Obscurity

Ardia, David S., Privacy and Court Records: Online Access and the Loss of Practical Obscurity (August 4, 2017). University of Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2017, No. 5, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3013704 “Court records present a conundrum for privacy advocates. Public access to the courts has long been a fundamental tenant of American democracy, helping… Continue Reading

Gallup – 2017 Global Law and Order Report

2017 Global Law and Order Report:…” the latest findings from Gallup’s Law and Order Index, a worldwide measure that reveals how safe — or insecure — people feel in their neighborhood and how confident they are in their local police…the poll offers leaders a glimpse of how close or far countries are from achieving the… Continue Reading

Ivy Stacks employee with UVa’s offsite shelving facility seriously injured in Charlottesville

Chronicle of Higher Education: “Tyler D.R. Magill, an employee with the University of Virginia’s Alderman Library, suffered a stroke Tuesday that may be related to injuries he sustained in a violent melee with white supremacists on the university’s Lawn Friday night, a friend of his family confirmed Wednesday. Mr. Magill was admitted around 10 a.m.… Continue Reading

Free Law Project – We Have Every Free PACER Opinion on CourtListener.com

“At Free Law Project, we have gathered millions of court documents over the years, but it’s with distinct pride that we announce that we have now completed our biggest crawl ever. After nearly a year of work, and with support from the U.S. Department of Labor and Georgia State University, we have collected every free… Continue Reading

Perspectives on Harmful Speech Online

Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University – “This collection of essays includes perspectives on and approaches to harmful speech online from a wide range of voices within the Berkman Klein Center community. Recognizing that harmful speech online is an increasingly prevalent issue within society, we intend for the collection to highlight… Continue Reading

Nuclear Threat Initiative Report on North Korea

“Nuclear Threat Initiative is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization working to reduce global threats from nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.” Last Updated: July, 2017 [Except as follows with the full report here] “The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has an active nuclear weapons program and tested nuclear explosive devices in 2006, 2009, 2013, and twice… Continue Reading

Library Guides for Detecting Fake News – AALL Spectrum July 2017

Genevieve Zook [excerpted from her article] – JULY/AUGUST 2017 | AALL SPECTRUM 23 American Library Association bit.ly/JA17ALA Bowdoin College Library bit.ly/JA17Bowdoin Harvard Library bit.ly/JA17Harvard Hillsborough Community College Libraries bit.ly/JA17Hills Indiana University East bit.ly/JA17IU Pace University Library bit.ly/JA17Pace Penn State University Libraries bit.ly/JA17Pace http://bit.ly/JA17Pace The Public Library of Albuquerque and Bernalillo County bit.ly/JA17 Toronto Public Library… Continue Reading

Where You Live Impacts Ability To Obtain Representation in Immigration Court

“Newly obtained case-by-case court records show that depending upon the community in which the immigrant resides, the odds of obtaining representation in Immigration Court deportation proceedings vary widely. If you happen to live in Honolulu, Hawaii, the odds are over 90 percent that you will be able to find an attorney to represent you. The… Continue Reading