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AI Tools for Lawyers: A Practical Guide

Schwarcz, Daniel B. and Choi, Jonathan H., AI Tools for Lawyers: A Practical Guide (March 29, 2023). Available at SSRN: or

“This Article provides lawyers and law students with practical and specific guidance on how to effectively use AI large language models (LLMs), like GPT-4, Bing Chat, and Bard, in legal research and writing. Focusing on GPT-4 – the most advanced LLM that is widely available at the time of this writing – it emphasizes that lawyers can use traditional legal skills to refine and verify LLM legal analysis. In the process, lawyers and law students can effectively turn freely-available LLMs into highly productive personal legal assistants.”



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