Science [no paywall for two weeks] – Assessing ExxonMobil’s global warming projections. G. Supran. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3846-1633 , S. Rahmstorf. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6786-7723, and N. OreskesAuthors Info & Affiliations Science 13 Jan 2023 Vol 379, Issue 6628 DOI: 10.1126/science.abk0063
“In 2015, investigative journalists discovered internal company memos indicating that Exxon oil company has known since the late 1970s that its fossil fuel products could lead to global warming with “dramatic environmental effects before the year 2050.” Additional documents then emerged showing that the US oil and gas industry’s largest trade association had likewise known since at least the 1950s, as had the coal industry since at least the 1960s, and electric utilities, Total oil company, and GM and Ford motor companies since at least the 1970s. Scholars and journalists have analyzed the texts contained in these documents, providing qualitative accounts of fossil fuel interests’ knowledge of climate science and its implications. In 2017, for instance, we demonstrated that Exxon’s internal documents, as well as peer-reviewed studies published by Exxon and ExxonMobil Corp scientists, overwhelmingly acknowledged that climate change is real and human-caused. By contrast, the majority of Mobil and ExxonMobil Corp’s public communications promoted doubt on the matter.”
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