Macey-Dare, Rupert, How ChatGPT and Generative AI Systems will Revolutionize Legal Services and the Legal Profession (February 22, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4366749 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4366749 – “In this paper, ChatGPT, is asked to provide c.150+ paragraphs of detailed prediction and insight into the following overlapping questions, concerning the potential impact of ChatGPT and successor generative AI systems on the evolving practice of law and the legal professions as we know them:
• Which are the individual legal business areas where ChatGPT could make a significant/ transformative impact and reduce costs and increase efficiencies?
• Where can ChatGPT use its special NLP abilities to assist in legal analysis and advice?
• Which are the specific areas where generative AI systems like ChatGPT can revolutionize and improve the legal profession?
• How can systems like ChatGPT help ordinary people with legal questions and legal problems?
• What is the likely timeframe for ChatGPT and other generative AI systems to transform legal services and the legal profession?
• What are the potential implications for new and intending law students?
• How will ChatGPT and similar systems impact professional lawyers in future?
Some of ChatGPT’s key insights and predictions (see full paper attached for detailed responses and analysis) are as follows:
- ChatGPT identifies the following key individual legal business areas where it could make a significant/ transformative impact and reduce costs and increase efficiencies: Alternative dispute resolution, Automated billing, Case analysis, Case management, Compliance monitoring, Contract management, Contract review, Document automation, Document review, Discovery and E-discovery, Drafting legal documents, Due diligence, Expertise matching, Intellectual Property and IP management, Legal advice, Legal analytics, Legal chatbots, Legal drafting, Legal document review, Legal education, Legal marketing, Legal research, Litigation support, Natural language processing (NLP), Patent analysis, Predictive analytics, Regulatory compliance, Research, Risk assessment, Training and education, Translation and Virtual assistants.
- ChatGPT flags up its special NLP abilities to assist in legal analysis and advice, particularly in the following key areas: Contract analysis, Document classification, Document summarization, Due diligence, Legal chatbots, Legal document review, Legal document summarization, Legal drafting, Legal language translation, Legal research, Named entity recognition, Predictive analytics, Regulatory compliance, Sentiment analysis and Topic modelling.
- On the question of which are the specific areas where generative AI systems like ChatGPT can revolutionize and improve the legal profession, ChatGPT identifies: Accessibility, Accuracy, Collaboration, Cost reduction, Customization, Decision-making, Efficiency, Error-reduction, New business and innovation, Job displacement potential, Legal research, Risk management and Scalability.
- On the question of how can systems like ChatGPT help ordinary people with legal questions and legal problems, ChatGPT identifies the following areas: 24/7 availability, Automated legal services, Consistency of advice, Contract review, Cost-effectiveness, Court filings, Customization, Document preparation, Education, Empowerment, Faster response times, Language translation, Legal advice, Legal chatbots, Legal education, Legal research, Mediation and dispute resolution, Privacy, Scalability and Simplified language.
- On the question of the likely timeframe for ChatGPT and other generative AI systems to transform legal services and the legal profession, Chat GPT comments that “It is difficult to predict with certainty, as it will depend on a variety of factors such as technological advancements, regulatory changes, and market demand. [However] There are several reasons to believe that the transformation of legal services through generative AI systems like ChatGPT will happen relatively quickly…the transformation of legal services through generative AI systems is likely to happen relatively quickly, potentially within the next 5-10 years.”…